India, a country is known for its rich culture and diverse landscapes, is now on a remarkable journey towards a sustainable and green future. The goal? Achieving net-zero carbon emissions by the year 2050. This ambitious target aligns with global climate goals, but it comes with a significant price tag – a whopping $12.7 trillion investment. India recognized the importance of green finance as early as 2007 when the Reserve Bank issued a notification on “Corporate Social Responsibility, Sustainable Development, and Nonfinancial Reporting.” This marked the beginning of India’s journey towards integrating sustainability into its financial sector.
The Investment Challenge
While India’s official commitment is to reach net-zero by 2070, the urgency of climate change calls for more immediate action. To meet the 2050 target, the nation needs to allocate approximately $438 billion annually until the deadline. This mammoth investment will not only curb emissions but also reshape the country’s energy landscape.
In recent years, India has made significant strides in clean energy adoption. Between 2018 and 2022, the country harnessed an impressive 53GW of solar and wind energy, with 2022 alone contributing 16GW of solar power. These figures highlight the incredible potential of renewable energy sources in India.
The Comprehensive Strategy
To reach net-zero emissions by 2050, India needs a comprehensive strategy. This strategy involves a massive expansion of solar and wind energy deployment, complemented by nuclear power, advanced energy storage solutions, and cutting-edge carbon capture technologies. Together, these components form the blueprint for a sustainable and greener future.
Transitioning to a net-zero economy is not without its challenges. Industries like steel, aluminum, and cement face particular obstacles. However, India is not backing down. Green hydrogen and carbon capture technologies are poised to revolutionize these industries, turning challenges into opportunities.
India’s Path to Green Finance
At the Glasgow COP26 climate summit in November 2021, India made a bold commitment to achieve net-zero emissions by 2070. By 2030, India aims to increase its non-fossil energy capacity to 500 GW, meet 50% of energy needs from renewable sources, and reduce projected carbon emissions by one billion tonnes. By 2030, the country also plans to reduce the carbon intensity of its economy by over 45%.
To meet the 2070 net-zero target, India has set five key decarbonization goals:
- Phase out coal in the industrial sector by 2065.
- Eliminate all other coal usage by 2060.
- Reach 1,700 GW of solar-based generation capacity by 2050.
- Achieve 557 GW of wind-based generation capacity by 2050.
- Expand to 68 GW of nuclear-powered generation capacity by 2050.
Collaboration and Innovation
Achieving net-zero emissions isn’t just a government endeavor; it requires collaboration from all stakeholders. Educating, influencing, and empowering individuals and organizations to support this critical transition is essential. It also necessitates new-age reforms and innovative financial instruments to facilitate decarbonization efforts.
Recent Development in Green Finance:
- In Feb ’23, ADB Committed to invest USD 25 Billion towards green growth in India over the next five years.
- The market for Green social, sustainability and sustainability- linked (GSSS) bonds, which included green, yellow (solar) and blue (marine) bonds is gradually expanding, which accounted for USD 21 Bn in Indian Debt market as of Feb ’23.
- RBI has introduced guidelines for banks and NBFCs to accept green deposit to ensure funds are utilized for energy efficiency, clean transportation, climate change adaptation etc.
- In May 2023, YES Bank launched YES KIRAN, a lending proposition aimed at offering financial assistance to MSME manufacturers who wish to install solar panels at their premises.
- In June 2023, world bank approved USD 1.5 Bn in Financing to accelerate India’s development of low-carbon energy.
- IndusInd Bank providing wide range of ESG linked financing solutions for large, mid or SME corporate. Recently the bank has been awarded with Best Bank in India for ESG FY2023 by Asia money for the second consecutive year.
The World of Green Finance
In this journey towards a sustainable future, green finance plays a pivotal role. It encompasses sustainable finance, climate finance, and more. The article briefly touches on changing regulations in India related to green financing, current investment flows, and the increasing demand for green investments across various sectors.