When it comes to building web applications, styling is a crucial aspect of creating an engaging user experience. Nuxt.js, a popular framework for Vue.js, offers a flexible and powerful way to style your applications. In this guide, we’ll explore various techniques and best practices for styling your Nuxt.js application.

Local Stylesheets

One of the fundamental ways to style your Nuxt.js application is by using local stylesheets. Nuxt.js makes it easy to manage these stylesheets in your project’s assets/ directory. You can import them directly into your components, pages, and layouts.

// Importing a local stylesheet in a component
import '~/assets/css/first.css'

// Importing a local stylesheet dynamically (not recommended for server-side rendering)

// Importing a stylesheet using the CSS @import statement
  @import url("~/assets/css/second.css");

These local stylesheets will be inlined in the HTML rendered by Nuxt, ensuring efficient loading.

The CSS Property

Nuxt also allows you to specify global styles for your entire application using the css property in the nuxt.config.js file. You can reference the path to your stylesheet, and Nuxt will include it on all pages.

// In nuxt.config.js
export default {
  css: ['~/assets/css/main.css']

This approach injects the stylesheet globally across all pages.

Working With Fonts

To include custom fonts in your Nuxt.js application, place the font files in your public/ directory and reference them in your stylesheets using the url() function.

/* assets/css/main.css */
@font-face {
  font-family: 'FarAwayGalaxy';
  src: url('/fonts/FarAwayGalaxy.woff') format('woff');
  font-weight: normal;
  font-style: normal;
  font-display: swap;

/* Using the custom font in your styles */
  h1 {
    font-family: 'FarAwayGalaxy', sans-serif;

Stylesheets Distributed Through NPM

You can also reference stylesheets distributed through npm packages. For example, let’s include the popular animate.css library:

npm install animate.css

Then import it in your components:

// In a component
import 'animate.css'

// Or use the CSS @import statement
  @import url("animate.css");

You can also specify external stylesheets in your nuxt.config.js file using the css property.

External Stylesheets

To include external stylesheets in your application, add a link element to the head section of your nuxt.config.js file. You can manipulate the head using the app.head property.

// In nuxt.config.js
export default {
  app: {
    head: {
      link: [{ rel: 'stylesheet', href: 'https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/animate.css/4.1.1/animate.min.css' }]

Dynamically Adding Stylesheets

You can use the useHead composable to dynamically add stylesheets in your code:

import { useHead } from '@nuxtjs/composition-api';

  link: [{ rel: 'stylesheet', href: 'https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/animate.css/4.1.1/animate.min.css' }]

Modifying The Rendered Head With A Nitro Plugin

For more advanced control over the rendered HTML head, you can create a Nitro plugin. This allows you to programmatically modify the head section:

// Create a Nitro plugin
export default defineNitroPlugin((nitro) => {
  nitro.hooks.hook('render:html', (html) => {
    html.head.push('<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/animate.css/4.1.1/animate.min.css">')

Using Preprocessors

Nuxt.js supports preprocessors like SCSS, Sass, Less, and Stylus. Install the preprocessor you need and use it in your project:

# Install SCSS
npm install sass

Then use it in your components or in the nuxt.config.js file:

<!-- In a component -->
<style lang="scss">
  @use "~/assets/scss/main.scss";
// In nuxt.config.js
export default {
  css: ['~/assets/scss/main.scss']

Single File Components (SFC) Styling

Nuxt.js makes styling components easy with single-file components (SFC). You can write CSS directly in the style block of your components, providing a fantastic developer experience.

  <!-- Your template here -->

// Your script here

/* Your styles here */

You can also use class and style bindings, dynamic styles with v-bind, scoped styles, and CSS modules in your SFCs.

Leveraging Layouts For Multiple Styles

If you need to style different parts of your application differently, consider using layouts. Layouts allow you to apply different styles to different sections of your app.

  <div class="default-layout">
    <!-- Your layout content here -->

/* Styles for the default layout */
.default-layout {
  color: red;

Third Party Libraries And Modules

Nuxt.js offers flexibility when it comes to styling. You can use popular libraries like UnoCSS or Tailwind CSS, and there are many Nuxt modules available to simplify integration.

  • UnoCSS: An instant on-demand atomic CSS engine.
  • Tailwind CSS: A utility-first CSS framework.
  • Fontaine: A font metric fallback tool.
  • Pinceau: An adaptable styling framework.

These modules provide a good developer experience out of the box, but you can also configure your favorite tools for your project.

Advanced Styling Techniques

Consider optimizing your styles for performance, such as using a CDN, compressing assets, and using HTTP/2 or HTTP/3 for delivery. You can also experiment with stopping external CSS files from being referenced to improve performance further.

Styling your Nuxt.js application is a crucial part of creating a visually appealing and user-friendly web app. With the flexibility and options provided by Nuxt.js, you can choose the styling approach that best suits your project’s needs. Whether it’s local stylesheets, preprocessors, or third-party libraries, Nuxt.js has you covered for all your styling requirements.

Happy styling your Nuxt.js applications!

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